The Inner City Bypass is a major new roadway that forms a ring road circumventing the CBD of Brisbane. Costing $230 million, the 4.5 kilometre roadway includes two major intersections, 4 tunnels and 18 bridges. Designed for the Brisbane City Council, a heavy emphasis was placed on urban design and connectivity of some previously disparate areas of the city and its parklands. To this end a land bridge has been created over an existing rail line and the new roadway to connect the parklands of Gregory Terrace and Victoria Park with a 15 meter wide expanse of grass, shrubs and trees. Also a major new tunnel was placed under the RNA showgrounds stretching some 400 meters, with a 110 metre tunnel at Breakfast Creek and a 65 metre tunnel at Normanby. Brian Steendyk was design and project architect with Cox Rayner Architects for this project.